Urology, although it deals with the detection and treatment of diseases of the bladder, urethra, kidneys, adrenal glands, prostate, is a field of medicine that intersect several different specialties. In modern medicine, the urologist is often a specialist in related disciplines (andrology, gynecology, pediatrics).

The technology underlies the diagnosis in urology, because the anamnesis and the visual examination are not enough. Beyond a wide range of laboratory tests, the urologist has the latest generation ultrasound (manufactured by Samsung, Korea) and cystoscope (manufactured by Karl-Storz, Germany).

Cystoscopy is a procedure performed with local anesthesia, which allow s the doctor to visualise the lining of the urethra and bladder. This is possible with the help of the video camera that is inserted through the urethral meatus and captures images in real time.